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Country Details & Historical Timeline

The details of each countries nationality, occupying force, language and currency are provided on the following pages.

PLEASE NOTE: These details are incomplete and are being updated as details become available.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
A

ABU DHABI
The largest of the Trucial States in the Persian Gulf.
Treaty relations with Great Britain expired on 31 December 1966.
Became part of the United Arab Emirates on 1 August 1972.
Currency
  • 1964 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1966 1,000 fils = 1 dinar.

  • ADEN
    Peninsula on the South Coast of Arabia.
    Formerly part of the Indian Empire. A British Colony from 1 April 1937 to 18 January 1963.
    Then Aden joined the South Arabian Federation and attained independence on 30 November 1967 under the name Southern Yemen.
    Eventually renamed to Yemen People's Democratic Republic.
    Aden stamps were also used in the Aden Protectorate.
    Currency
  • 1937 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • ADEN PROTECTORATE STATES
    The states of the Eastern Aden Protectorate commonly known as the Hadhramaut.
    The National Liberation Front took control on 1 October 1967.
    Full independence was granted by Great Britain on 30 November 1967.
    Now part of Yemen People's Democratic Republic.
    Currency
  • 1937 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 shilling.
  • 1966 1,000 fils = 1 dinar.

  • AEGEAN ISLANDS
    A group of islands off the coast of asia.
    Occupied by Italy in May 1912 and finally handed full control from Turkey in 1920.
    Islands include Calino, Castelrosso, Carchi, Gaso Coo, Lero, Lipso, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rodi, Scarpanto, Simi, Stampalia.
    Returned to control by Greece in 1947.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira

  • AFGHANISTAN
    Became a republic in 1973.
    Currency
  • 1870 12 shahi = 6 sanar; 6 sanar = 3 abasi; 3 abasi = 1 rupee;
  • 1920 30 paisa = 1 kran; 2 kran = 1 rupee.
  • 1926 100 poul (pol) = 1 Afghani rupee.

  • AITUTAKI
    An Island in the South Pacific, that forms part of the Cook Islands.
    As a New Zealand Dependency the British Government exercised a protectorate over the Cook Islands from the 1880 until handed to New Zealand in 1901.
    Cook Island stamps were used from 1932 to 1972.
    Currency
  • 1903 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • AJMAN
    One of the Trucial States in the Persian Gulf.
    Joined the United Arab Emirates on 1 August 1972.
    Currency
  • 100 naye = 1 rupee.
  • 1967 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • ALAND ISLANDS
    Previously part of Finland they became independent in 1984.
    Currency
  • 100 pennia = 1 markka.

  • ALAOUITES
    A coastal area of Syria under occupation by France in 1920.
    Became a republic in 1930 and returned to Syrian control in 1937
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 piastre.

  • ALBANIA
    Formerly part of the Turkish Empire until declaring independence on 28 November 1912.
    Became a republic in 1925.
    Occupied in the Second World War by Italy, then Germany.
    Became a republic again in 1945.
    Currency
  • 1913 40 paras = 1 piastre; 40 paras = 1 groach.
  • 1913 100 qint = 1 franc.
  • 1947 100 qint = 1 lek.
  • 1965 10 old leks = 1 new lek.

  • ALDERNEY
    An island forming part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
    Currency
  • 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • ALEXANDRIA
    An Egyptian port under French postal control until 31 March 1951.
    Currency
  • 1899 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1921 1000 milliemes = 1 Egyptian pound.

  • ALGERIA
    A French territory in northern Africa.
    Became independent on 2 July 1962.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes 1 franc.
  • 1964 100 centimes = 1 dinar.

  • ALLENSTEIN
    A district in Eastern Prussia under German control.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • ALSACE AND LORRAINE
    A French province occupied by Germany.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • ALWAR
    A state of Rajputana North India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • ANDORRA
    An independent state in the Pyrenees, under French and Spanish control.
    Currency
  • France 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • Spain 100 centimes = 1 perseta.

  • ANGOLA
    A republic of Southern Africa.
    Previously under Portugal until 11 November 1975 when it became independent.
    1870 1000 rels = 1 milrels.
    1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.
    1932 100 centavos = 1 angolar.
    1954 100 centavos = 1 escudo.
    1977 100 lwels = 1 kwanza.

    ANGUILLA
    St. Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla were granted Associated Statehood on 27 February 1967.
    Anguilla declared independence and the St. Christopher authorities withdrew on 7 July 1969.
    On 27 July 1971 the island was restored to direct British control.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • ANNAM AND TONGKING
    Previously part of Indo-China now part of Vietnam.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • ANTIGUA
    One of the Leeward Islands.
    Used stamps of Leeward Islands until 1 July 1956.
    Achieved statehood on 3 March 1967 within the British Commonwealth and became independent on 1 November 1981.
    1862 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
    1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

    ANTIOQUIA
    One of the states of the Grenadine Confederation.
    Using Columbian stamps from 1886.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • ARBE
    Previously Fiume when an Italian Regency of Carnaro.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • ARGENTINE REPUBLIC
    A republic in the southeast of South America.
    Formerly part of the Spanish Empire.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1985 100 centavos = 1 austral.

  • ARMENIA
    Formerly part of Russia.
    Became independent after the Russian revolution in 1917.
    Joined the Transcaucasian Federation on 12 March 1922.
    Became part of Russia again in 1924.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeka = 1 rouble.

  • ARUBA
    An island in the Caribbean.
    Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles.
    Became independent in 1986.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 gulden.

  • AUSTRIA
    A state in Central Europe.
    Formerly part of the Astria-Hungarian Empire.
    Became a republic in 1918, until joining Germany in 1938.
    Became a republic again on 14 May 1945.
    Currency
  • 1850 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden.
  • 1858 100 kreuzer = 1 gulden.
  • 1899 100 heller = 1 krone.
  • 1925 100 grochen = 1 schilling.
  • 1938 100 pfennig = 1 German reichmark.
  • 1945 100 grochen = 1 schilling.

  • AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN POST OFFICES IN CRETE
    Stamps used in Canea, Candia and Rethymnon.
    Also applied to other Austrian Levant post using French currency.
  • Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN POST OFFICES IN THE TURKISH EMPIRE
    Stamps used in the Turkish Empire until 15 December 1941.
    Currency
  • 1867 100 soldi = 1 gulden.
  • 1886 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN MILITARY POST
    Currency
  • 100 heller = 1 krone.

  • ASCENSION
    An Island in the South Atlantic and a dependency of St. Helena.
    Currency
  • 1922 12 pence = 1 shilling; 12 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 pence = 1 pound.

  • AUSTRALIA
    An Island continent in the Southern hemisphere.
    Includes the states of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    Currency
  • 1913 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC TERRITORY
    Includes the territory south of latitude 60 degrees south and between meridians 160 and 145, (excludes Adelie Land).
    Currency
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • AZERBAIJAN
    Formerly part of Russia.
    Became independent after the Russian revolution on 27 May 1918.
    Invaded by Russia on 27 April 1920 and became a republic.
    Joined the Transcaucasian Federation on 1 October 1923.
    Became part of Russia again in 1924.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeka = 1 rouble.

  • AZORES
    A group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
    Currency
  • 1868 1000 rels = 1 mireis.
  • 1912 100 centavos = 1 escudo.
  •  
    B

    BADEN
    Formerly a Grand Duchy in Southwest Germany.
    Currency
  • 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden.

  • BAGHDAD
    A city in Iraq occupied by Britain in the First World War.
    Currency
  • 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BAHAMAS
    A Group of Islands to the South East of Florida, USA.
    Self Government from 7 January 1964 and became and independent state of the British Commonwealth on 10 July 1973.
    Currency
  • 1859 12 pence = 1 shilling; 12 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BAHAWALPUR
    A former state of Pakistan, is now a part of Pakistan.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BAHRAIN
    An archipelago in the Persian Gulf on the Arabian coast.
    Previously under Indian and British postal administration until 1 January 1966.
    Currency
  • 1933 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1957 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1966 1000 fils = 1 dinar.

  • BAILIWICK OF GUERNSEY
    A groups of island adjoining and associated with the island of Guernsey.
    Currency as Guernsey.

    BAMRA
    Previously a state in India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BANGLADESH
    Formerly the Eastern side of Pakistan until December 1970.
    The new state became effective in December 1971.
    Currency
  • 1971 1OO paisa = 1 rupee.
  • 1972 100 paisa = 1 taka.

  • BARBADOS
    An Island of the Windward Islands.
    Became self governing on 16 October 1961 and became independent on 30 November 1966.
    Currency
  • 1950 100 cents = 1 Barbados dollar.
  • 1950

  • BARBUDA
    One of the Leeward Islands and a member of the British Commonwealth.
    Used stamps of Antigua and Leeward Islands.
    Issues from 1968 are also valid in Antigua. From 1971 to 1973 the stamps of Antigua were also used.
    Currency
  • 1922 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • BARWANI
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BASUTOLAND
    An African territory
    Under British protection until 1 April 1965 and became independent on 4 October 1966, it was renamed as Lesotho.
    Currency
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • BATUM
    A Russian port on the Black Sea.
    Captured by Turkish troops in World War 1, Occupied by the British in 1918 and handed to Georgia on 7 July 1920.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • BAVARIA
    Part of South Germany.
    A Kingdom until 1918, then a republic until re-joining Germany again.
    Currency
  • 1849 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden.
  • 1874 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • BECHUANALAND
    A colony on Central South Africa.
    Prior to 1895 it was part of the Cape of Good Hope.
    Self Governed from 1 March 1965 and independent from 30 September 1966 when it was renamed Botswana.
    Currency
  • 1885 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • BELGIAN CONGO
    A Belgian colony in Central Africa.
    Became independent in July 1960.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • See also Congo, Zaire, Katanga, South Kasai, Congo (Kinshasa),

    BELGIAN OCCUPATION OF GERMANY
    Stamps issued for an area of Germany occupied by Belgian during the First World War.
    Became part of Belgium.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 Belgian franc.

  • BELGIUM
    A kingdom in Northwest Europe.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • BELIZE
    Formerly known as British Honduras on 1 June 1973 and became an independent British Commonwealth country on 2 September 1981.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BEQUIA
    One of the islands in the Grenadines of Grenada.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BENIN
    A French colony on the West coast of Africa.
    Became part of Dahomey in 1899.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • BERGEDORF
    A German city purchased by Hamburg in 1867, now part of Germany.
    Currency
  • 16 schillings = 1 Hamburg mark.

  • BERMUDA
    A group of Islands in the West Atlantic.
    Part of the British Commonwealth.
    Currency
  • 1865 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.
  • 1970 100 cents = 1 dollar (US).

  • BHOPAL
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BHOR
    A state of West India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BHUTAN
    An independent territory between India, Sikkim and Tibet.
    Currency
  • 100 chetrum = 1 ngultrum; 100 chetrum = 1 rupee.

  • BIAFRA
    An eastern region of Nigeria. Stamps were issued during a civil war from 1967 to 1970.
    Returned to Nigeria on 15 January 1970.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.

  • BIJAWAR
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.

  • BOLIVAR
    One of the states of the Grenadine Confederation.
    Part of Columbia from 1886.
    Currency
  • 1867 100 centavos = 1 boliviano.

  • BOLIVIA
    A republic in the centre or South America.
    Currency
  • 1866 100 centavos = 1 boliviano.
  • 1963 100 cents = 1 peso.
  • 1987 100 centavos = 1 boliviano.

  • BOPHUTHATSWANA
    Formerly part of South Africa, it became independent on 6 December 1977.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
    A Turkish province formerly controlled by Austria from 1878.
    Became independent in 1908, now part of Yugoslavia.
    Currency
  • 1879 100 kreuzer (novics) = 1 gulden.
  • 1900 100 heller = 1 krone.

  • BOTSWANA
    Formerly known as Bechuanaland became independent on 23 September 1966 and was renamed Botswana.
    Currency
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 rand.
  • 1976 100 thebe = 1 pula.

  • BOYACA
    One of the states of the Grenadine Confederation.
    Part of Columbia from 1886.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • BRAZIL
    Formerly a Portuguese settlement in the Northeast of South America from around 1500.
    Became a kingdom in 1815, an empire in 1822 and republic in 1889.
    Currency
  • 1843 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1942 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro.
  • 1986 100 centavos = 1 cruzado.

  • BREMEN
    A free city of the Hanseatic League situated on the River Weser in North Germany. Then part of West Germany after WW2 and now Germany (Deutchland).
    Currency
  • 22 grote = 10 silberfroschen.
  • 72 grote = 1 thaler.

  • BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY
    A territory South of latitude 60 South from the former Falkland Island dependencies.
    Currency
  • 1963 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shilling = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • BRITISH COLUMBIA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND
    Former British colonies, now a Western province of Canada.
    Currency
  • 1860 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1865 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OCCUPATION OF JAPAN
    Stamps used by British Commonwealth Occupation Forces from 1946 to 1949.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • BRITISH EAST AFRICA
    Now incorporated in Kenya and Uganda.
    Currency
  • 16 annas = 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • BRITISH FORCES IN EGYPT
    Special seals issued from 1932 to 1939.
    Currency as Egypt.

    BRITISH GUIANA
    Situated on the Northeast coast of South America.
    A British colony granted self government in August 1951 and became independent on 26th May 1966 when it was renamed Guyana.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRITISH HONDURAS
    Formerly a British Colony on the East coast of Central America.
    Granted self Government on 1 January 1964.
    Renamed to Belize on 1 June 1973.
    Currency
  • 1866 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1888 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY
    Formerly a British Colony from 1965 to 1976 when it was transferred to the Seychelles.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • BRITISH LAVANT
    Formerly issued by post offices in the Turkish Empire from 1885 to 1914.
    Used again in 1918 during British occupation of Turkey.
    Currency
  • Dual currency used:
  • 40 paras = 1 piastre.
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • BRITISH OCCUPATION OF ITALIAN COLONIES
    Issues for use in Italian colonies occupied by British Forces.
    Currency
  • Middle East Forces 12 pence = 1 shilling. 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • Cyrenaica 1000 milliemes = 1 Egyptian pound.
  • Eritea 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • BRITISH POSTAL AGENCIES IN EASTERN ARABIA
    British stamps were surcharged for use in the Persian Gulf from 1st April 1948 to 29th April 1966.
    Currency
  • 1948 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1957 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.

  • BRITISH POST OFFICES IN CHINA
    Weihaiwei and the neighbouring islands were leased to Great Britain from 1898 to 1 October 1930 when they were returned to China.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRITISH POST OFFICES IN CRETE
    Currency
  • 40 paras = piastre.

  • BRITISH POST OFFICE IN SIAM
    Stamps of the Straits Settlements were specially overprinted for use here.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
    A group of the Leeward Islands. A British Commonwealth country.
    Currency
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.
  • 1962 100 cents = 1 US dollar.

  • BRUNEI
    A Sultanate on the North coast of Borneo.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • BRUNSWICK
    Formerly a Duchy of North Germany. Joined the North German Confederation in 1868 and was part of West Germany after WW2. Now part of Germany.
    Currency
  • 30 silberfroschen = 1 thaler.

  • BUENOS AIRES
    A province of the Argentine Republique issuing its own stamps from 1858 to 1862.
    Currency
  • 8 reales = 1 peso.

  • BULGARIA
    Formerly a Turkish Province from 1878 to 1908 as an independent kingdom. Became a Peoples Republic in 1946.
    Currency
  • 1879. 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1881. 100 stotinki = 1 lev.

  • BULGARIAN OCCUPATION OF RUMANIA
    Dobruja District.
    Currency
  • 100 stotinki = 1 leva.

  • BURKINA FASO
    A county in West Africa formerly known as Upper Volta and was changed in August 1984.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • BUNDI
    A state of India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • BURMA
    An East Indian Territory.
    Part of British Commonwealth from 1 April 1937.
    Under Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945.
    Became independent in 1948.
    Changed name to Union of Myanmar in 1989
    Currency
  • 1937 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1953 100 pyas = 1 kyat / rupee.

  • BURUNDI
    Previously part of the Belgian Territory of Ruanda-Urundi.
    Became independent on 1st July 1962 when a monarchy was established.
    Became a republic in 1967 after a revolution.
    Currency
  • 20 chahis = 1 kran; 10 krans = 1 toman.

  • BUSHIRE
    An Iranian seaport under British occupation during World War 1.
    Currency
  • 20 chahis = 1 kran; 10 krans = 1 toman.

  • BUSSAHIR / BASHAHR
    An Indian state, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  •  
    C

    CAICOS ISLANDS
    Part of the Turks and Caicos Islands group.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • CAMBODIA
    Part of Indo-China until 1946 when it became a state within the French Union.
    Became independent on 29th December 1954 and left the French Union on 25th September 1955.
    In 1971 the name changed to Khmer Republic an again to Kampuchea in 1975.
    Currency
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 piastre.
  • 1955 100 cents = 1 riel.

  • CAMEROONS
    Occupation of the German colony of Kamerun by French and British forces from 1914 to 1916.
    British sector became independent 1 October 1960 and renamed Southern Cameroons.
    Became part of Cameroun on 30 September 1961.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • CAMEROUN
    German colony of Kamerun.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • CANADA
    A member of the British Commonwealth.
    Currency
  • 1851 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1859 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • CANAL ZONE
    A Territory next to the Panama Canal and leased by the USA. Postal serviced closed on 30th September 1979.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 balboa.

  • CANTON
    A Treaty Port in South China. Stamps issued at the French Indo-Chinese Post Office. Issues ended in 1922.
    Currency
  • 1901 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1919 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • CAPE JUBY
    Formerly a Spanish colony on the North West coast of Africa. Conceded to Morocco in 1958.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 pesata.

  • CAPE OF GOOD HOPE
    Formerly a British Colony until 1894 when it became a province of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
    Formerly Portuguese. Became independent on 5th July 1975.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 Escudo.

  • CAROLINE ISLANDS
    A group of Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
    Formerly a German protectorate until occupied by the Japanese in 1918. Now under US trusteeship.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • CASTELROSSO
    One of the Aegean Islands. Occupied by the French Navy on 27 December 1915.
    The French departed in August 1921. A period of administration by the Italian Navy followed until the island became part of the Dodecanese territory.
    Currency
  • 1920 French occupation - 100 centimes = 1 franc = 4 piastres.
  • 1922 Italian occupation - 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • CAUCA
    Formerly a state of Columbia and reduced to a department in 1886. Now uses Columbian stamps.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • CAVALLA (KAVALLA)
    French Post Office in a former Turkish Port.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • CAYES OF BELIZE
    A large number of islands off the East coast of Belize.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • CAYMAN ISLANDS
    A group of islands in the West Indies and a dependency of Jamaica until 1962 when they became independent.
    Currency
  • 1900 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1969 100 cents = 1 Jamaica dollar.

  • CENTRAL AFRICAN EMPIRE
    Formerly named Central African Republic it was renamed Central African Empire on 4th December 1976.
    It reverted to Central African Republic in 1979.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
    Formerly named Ubangui Chari it is an independent republic within the french community.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • CENTRAL LITHUANIA
    Was Independent from 1918 to 1922 when it was absorbed into Poland.
    Currency
  • 100 fenigow = 1 mark.

  • CEYLON
    An island to the South of India.
    Formerly a British Colony until it became a republic on 22 May 1972 when it was renamed Sri Lanka
    Currency
  • 1857 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1872 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • CHAD
    Formerly a dependency of Ubangui-Chari and became one of the separate colonies of French Equitorial Africa from 1937 to 1958.
    In 1958 it became a republic within the French Community.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • CHAMBA
    An Indian state of the Punjah, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • CHARKHARI
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • CHILE
    A republic on the West coast of South America.
    Currency
  • 1853 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1960 10 milesimos = 1 centesimo; 100 centesimos = 1 escudo.
  • 1975 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • CHINA EXPEDITIONARY FORCE
    Indian forces in China.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • CHINA
    People Republic in Eastern Asia which was formerly an Empire.
    Currency
  • Chinese Empire: 1878 100 candarins = 1 tael; 1897 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  • Chinese Republic:
  • 1912 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  • 1948 100 cents = 1 gold yuan.
  • 1949 100 cents = 1 silver yuan.
  • China Peoples Republic: 1955 100 fen = 1 yuan.

  • CHINA TAIWAN
    An Island colony that was ceded to Japan between 1895 and 1945.
    From 1949 the island was controlled by the remnants of the Nationalist Government.
    Currency
  • 1945 100 sen = 1 yen.
  • 1947 100 cents = 1 yuan

  • CHRISTMAS ISLAND
    An Island in the Indian ocean which was Formerly part of the Straits Settlements before becoming part of Singapore.
    Finally transferred to Australian administration on 15 October 1958.
    Currency
  • 1958 100 cents = 1 Malayan dollar.
  • 1968 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • CILICIA
    A district in Asia Minor, occupied by the French between 1918 to 1921 before being returned to Turkey.
    Currency
  • 1919 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • CISKEI
    A Republic established on 4th December 1981, originally formed from tribal areas of the Republic of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 1981 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • COCHIN
    A state in Southwest India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 1892 6 puttans = 5 annas.

  • COCHIN-CHINA
    Formerly a french colony in the extreme South of Indo-China, and incorporated into French Indo-China.
    Currency
  • 1886 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • COCOS ISLANDS (Keeling)
    A group of Islands in the Indian ocean formerly administered by Singapore.
    Transferred to Australian administration on 23 November 1955.
    Currency
  • 1963 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • COLUMBIA
    A Republic in the North West of South America.
    Formerly part of the Spanish Empire.
    Became independent in 1819.
    The states became the Granadine Confederation in 1958
    Renamed to the Unites States of New Granada in 1861.
    Finally renamed to Columbia in late 1861.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • COMORO ISLANDS
    Islands to the Northwest of Madagascar comprised of Anjouan, Great Comoro, Mayotte and Moheli.
    A French colony from 1891, Mayotte became an overseas Department of France in December 1974.
    The remaining islands forming the Independent State of Comoro.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • CONGO (Kinshasa)
    Formerly a Belgian colony in Central Africa that became independent in 1960.
    Renamed in 1971 to Zaire Republic
    Currency
  • 1967 100 sengi = 1 (li) kuta; 100 (ma) kuta = 1 zaire.

  • CONGO (Brazzaville)
    Formerly Middle Congo, an independent republic within the French Community.
    Currency
  • As France


  • COOK ISLANDS
    A group of islands in the South Pacific.
    Formerly under the control of New Zealand until achieved self government in 1965.
    Currency
  • 1892 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  • COSTA RICA
    A Republic of Central America that became independent in 1821.
    Currency
  • 1863 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1881 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1901 100 centimos = 1 colon.

  • CRETE
    Formerly a Turkish Island in the East Mediterranean. From 1898 to 1908 it was under the joint protection of Great Britain, France, Italy and Russia.
    From 1908 it was united with Greece. Greek stamps are now used.
    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • CROATIA
    Formerly part of Yugoslavia until 1941 when it became occupied by Germany and Italy. Liberated by partisans and Russian troops in 1945 and returned to Yugoslavia.
    In 1991 it declared independence.
    Currency
  • 100 paras = 1 dinar.
  • 100 banicas = 1 kuna.

  • CUBA
    An island in the West Indies under Spanish administration. Passed from Spain to the United States in 1898.
    Became a Republic under United States protection until 1901 when it became independent.
    Some stamps before 1871 were from Puerto Rico.
    Currency
  • 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1866 100 centesimos = 1 escudo.
  • 1871 100 centesimos = 1 peseta.
  • 1881 1000 milesimos = 100 centavos or 1 peso.
  • 1898 100 cents = 1 United States dollar.
  • 1899 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • CUNDINAMARCA
    A state in the Granadine Confederation.
    Became a Department of Colombia in 1886. Uses Columbian stamps from 1905.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • CURACAO
    A colony of the Netherlands. Consists of 2 island groups in the Caribbean Sea to the North of Venezuela.
    After 1949 it was part of the Netherlands Antilles.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 gulden.


  • CYPRUS
    An island in the Eastern Mediterranean.
    Became a republic in 1960.
    Currency
  • 1880 12 pence = 1 shilling.
  • 1881 40 paras = 1 piastre; 180 piastres = 1 pound.
  • 1995 1000 mils = 1 pound.
  • 1983 100 cents = 1 pound.
  • CYRENAICA
    Formerly part of the Italian Colony of Libya, North Africa.
    From 1942 to 1949 it was under allied occupation.
    Became independent between 1949 to 1952, until became part of Libya.
    Some stamps can found under Italian Post Offices in the Levant.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • CZECHOSLOVAK ARMY IN SIBERIA
    In the First World War 1914-1918 some Czech and Slovak soldiers formed an army in Siberia with the Russian Army to fight the Bolshevists.
    The issued these stamps and sold them on the Siberian Railway.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • CZECHOSLOVAKIA
    Formerly part of the Austrian Empire and became an independent Republic in 1918.
    It was occupied in 1918 by Germany until 1939. It achieved indolence again in at the end of the second World War.
    Currency
  • 100 haleru = 1 koruna.

  •  
    D
    DAHOMEY
    A French on the colony on the West Coast of Africa.
    In 1944 it was incorporated in French West Africa and became part of the French Community in 1958 as a Republic.
    In 1960 it became Independent.
    See French West Africa for stamps between 1944 to 1960.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • DANISH WEST INDIES
    An island group in the West Indies.
    Until 1917 they belonged to Denmark and were sold to the United States.
    They are now known as the United States Virgin Islands and use United States Stamps.
    Currency
  • 1855 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  • 1905 100 bit = 1 franc.

  • DANZIG
    1920 to 1939 a free state under the protection of the League of Nations.
    Then incorporate into Germany and then part of Poland.
    Currency
  • 1920 100 pfennige = 1 mark.
  • 1923 100 pfennige = 1 Danzig golden.

  • DEDEAGATZ

    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • DENMARK
    A kingdom in Northern Europe.
    Currency
  • 1851 96 rigsbank skilling = 1 rigsdaler.
  • 1875 100 ore = 1 krone.

  • DHAR
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 4 pice = 1 anna.

  • DIEGO-SUAREZ
    An independent colony in North Madagascar until 1896, when it was incorporate into Madagascar.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • DJIBOUTI
    A port in French Somaliland to the South of the Red Sea.
    Capital of the French Territory of the Afars and Issas until 1903.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • DJIBOUTI REPUBLIC
    Formerly the French Territory of the Afars and Issas.
    Became a Republic from 1977.
    Currency
  • 1965 10 old leks = 1 new lek.

  • DOMINICA
    One of the Leeward Islands until 31 December 1939 when it was transferred to the Windward Islands.
    Currency
  • 1874 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1949 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
    The Eastern part of the island of San Domingo in the West Indies.
    It became independent of Spain in 1865.
    Currency
  • 1865 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1880 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1883 100 centimos = 1 franco.
  • 1885 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • DUBAI
    A Trucial State in the Persian Gulf under British control until 1963 with stamps from Muscat in use.
    In December 1971 it became a state of the United Arab Emirates and used their stamps from 1973.
    Currency
  • 100 nay paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1966 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • DUNGARPUR
    A state of Rajasthan, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • DUTTIA (Datia)
    A state of central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  •  
    E
    EAST SILESIA
    An area of land between Czechoslovakia and Poland.
    Split between the two countries.
    Stamps are overprinted "SO" on Czechoslovakian or "S.O." on Polish.
    Currency
  • 100 halera = 1 krone.
  • 100 fenni = 1 korona.

  • EASTERN ROUMELIA (South Bulgaria)
    An area within the Turkish Empire to the south of the Balkan Mountains.
    It became semi-autonomous in 1979 and following a revolt against Turkey its name was changed to South Bulgaria.
    In 1886 it became part of Bulgaria.
    Currency
  • 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • ECUADOR
    A Republic on the West Coast of South America.
    Became independent in 1830.
    Currency
  • 1865 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1881 100 centavos = 1 sucre.

  • EGYPT
    Formerly a kingdom of North East Africa.
    In Turkish hands until 1914 when it became a British Protectorate.
    In 1922 it became Independent and a Republic in 1953.
    Egypt and Syria joined each other to form the United Arab Republic (U.A.R.) in 1958.
    In 1971 the name changed to the Arab Republic of Egypt.
    Currency
  • 1866 40 paras = 1 piastre.
  • 1888 1000 milliemes = 100 piastres; 100 piastres = 1 Egyptian pound.

  • EGYPTIAN OCCUPATION OF PALESTINE
    From 1948 to 1967
    Currency
  • 1000 milliemes = 1 Egyptian pound.

  • ELOBEY, ANNOBON AND CORISCO
    Spanish Islands on the West Coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea.
    In 1960 they became part of Spanish Guinea as used stamps of Fernando Poo.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.

  • EL SALVADOR
    An Independent Republic in Central America since 1838.
    Currency
  • 1867 8 reales = 100 centavos; 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1912 100 centavos = 1 colon.

  • ENGLAND
    Part of Great Britain which is now referred to as the United Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • EQUITORIAL GUINEA
    Until 1968 it was Spanish Overseas Province made up of Fernando Poo and Rio Muni.
    In 1968 it became the Republic the Equatorial Guinea.
    Currency
  • 1968 100 centimos = 1 peseta.
  • 1973 100 centimos = 1 ekuele (plural bipkwele).
  • 1985 100 centimos = 1 franc (CFA).

  • ERITREA
    Formerly an Italian colony in the Red Sea in North East Africa.
    Under British occupation from 1942 to 1952.
    It became a Federation with Ethiopia in 1952.
    Ethiopian stamps are now used.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lir.

  • ESTONIA
    Formerly a province of the Russian Empire on the South Coast of the Gulf of Finland.
    Became an independent Republic in 1917, and part of the Soviet Union in 1940.
    It became independent again in 1991.
    Joined the European Union in 2004.
    Currency
  • 1918 100 kopecks = 1 rouble.
  • 1965 100 penni = 1 Estonian mark.
  • 1965 100 senti = 1 kron.
  • 2004 100 cents = 1 Euro.

  • eSWATINI
    Previously known as Swaziland.
    Renamed on 19th April 2018 by King Mswati III.
    Currency
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.
  • 1974 100 cents = 1 lilangeni (plural-emalangeni).
  • ETHIOPIA
    Formerly named Abyssinia, an ancient empire on the East coast of Africa.
    From 1936 to 1941 it was part of Italian East Africa.
    Federated with Eritrea since 1952.
    Proclaimed a Republic in 1974.
    Currency
  • 1894 16 querche = 1 Maria Theresa-Thaler.
  • 1905 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1908 16 piastres= 1 thaler.
  • 1928 16 mehaleks = 1 thaler.
  • 1936 100 centimes = 1 thaler.
  • 1936 100 centesmi = 1 lira.
  • 1946 100 cents = 1 Ethiopian dollar.
  • 1976 100 cents = 1 birr.

  •  
    F
    FALKLAND ISLANDS
    A British colony in the South Atlantic.
    Currency
  • 1878 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • FALKLAND ISLANDS DEPENDENCIES
    Four groups of islands between the Falkland Islands and the South Pole.
    South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands ceased to be members on 3 October 1985.
    Currency
  • 1878 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • FARIDKOT
    A state of the Punjab, India. now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 1 folus = 1 paisa; 1 paisa = 0.25 anna.

  • FAROE ISLANDS
    A Danish colony in the North Atlantic.
    Was under British Administration between 1940 and 1945.
    Currency
  • 100 ore = 1 krone.

  • FEDERATED MALAY STATES
    A British protectorate in Southeast Asia.
    Includes the states of Negri Sembilan, Sungei Ujong, Pahang, Perak and Selangor.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Straits Settlement dollar.

  • FERNANDO POO
    A Spanish island in the Gulf of Guinea on the West coast of Africa.
    Issued its own stamps in 1960 and became independent in 1968 when it joined Rio Muni and renamed Equitorial Guinea.
    Currency
  • 1894 1000 milesimas = 100 centavos; 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1901 100 centavos = 1 peseta.

  • FEZZAN
    A territory in North Africa. Previously Turkish, captured by Italy and then by French forces in 1943.
    Used Algerian stamps from 1944, and French stamps from 1946.
    Became part of the kingdom of Libya in 1951.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FIJI
    A British colony in the South Pacific, which became independent in October 1970.
    Currency
  • 1870 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1969 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • FINLAND
    A country on the East of Scandinavia. Previously under the control of a Russian Grand-Duchy.
    Became a Republic in 1917.
    Currency
  • 1856 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.
  • 1865 100 pennia = 1 markka.

  • FINNISH OCCUPATION OF EASTERN KARELIA
    Previously part of Russia to the West of Lake Omega.
    Occupied by Finland from 1941 to 1944.
    Currency
  • 100 penni = 1 markka.

  • FUIME
    A territory on the Adriatic Sea.
    Formally part of Hungary. Occupied by the Allies in 1918.
    Became a free state in 1919. Italy took control in 1924.
    From 1947 part of Yugoslavia and known as Rijeka.
    See also stamps of FIUME AND KUPA ZONE and VENEZIA GIULIA
    Currency
  • 1918 100 filler = 1 krone.
  • 1919 100 centesimi = 1 corona.
  • 1920 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • FIUME AND KUPA ZONE
    A zone comprising Fiume, Rijeka, Susak and the Kupa River area.
    Currency
  • 100 pares = 1 dinar.

  • FRANCE
    A republic in the West of Europe.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 100 cents = 1 Euro.

  • FREE FRENCH FORCES IN LEVANT
    From 1941 to 1943, British and Free French forces occupied Syria and Lebanon.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH COLONIES
    General stamps for use at all French Colonies.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH CONGO
    Formerly a French colony in Central Africa, which was later divided into Gabon, Middle Congo, Oubangui, Chari and Chad.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA
    Consisted of Gabon, Middle Congo, Oubangui, Chari and Chad.
    Each territory became a republic in 1958 within the French Community.
    Middle Congo became Congo Republic.
    Ubangi-Chari became Central African Republic.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH GUIANA
    Formerly a French Colony on the North East coast of South America.
    Uses stamps of France.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH GUINEA
    A French Colony on the West coast of Africa.
    In 1944 it was incorporated into French West Africa and became independent in 1958.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH INDIAN SETTLEMENTS
    Five small French settlements in India.
    Population voted to join India in 1954.
    Currency
  • 1892 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1923 24 caches = 1 fanon; 8 fanons = 1 rupee.

  • FRENCH LEVANT
    Stamps issued for French Post Offices in the Turkish Empire.
    Currency
  • 40 paras = 1 piastre.
  • 1902 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH MOROCCO
    A French protectorate area of the Sultanate of Morocco from 1912 to 1956.
    Independent in 1956.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH OCCUPATION OF HUNGARY
    Arad later became part of Rumania.
    Currency
  • 100 filler = 1 korona.

  • FRENCH POLYNESIA
    A French settlement in the South Pacific.
    It was formerly called Oceanic Settlements.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH POST OFFICES IN CHINA
    General issue of French Post Offices in China until 1922.
    Currency
  • 1894 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1907 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • FRENCH POST OFFICES IN CRETE
    Post Offices closed in 1914
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 25 centimes = 1 piastre.

  • FRENCH POST OFFICES IN MOROCCO
    Established in 1862 using French stamps.
    Stamps from 1912 were French Post Offices in Tangier.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.

  • FRENCH POST OFFICES IN TANGIER
    In 1912 Tangier was given special status outside the French Community.
    In 1940 it was occupied by Spain and French Post Offices closed in 1942.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH POST OFFICES IN ZANZIBAR
    French Post Offices closed when Britain took control.
    Currency
  • 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • FRENCH SOMALI COAST
    A French colony in the Gulf of Aden on the East coast of Africa.
    Now known as French Territory of the Afars and the Issas.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC TERRITORIES
    Stamps issued for the Southern Indian Ocean and Antarctic.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH SUDAN
    A territory in Central Africa incorporated into French West Africa in 1944.
    In 1958 it became a republic within the French Community.
    It joined the Mali Federation in 1959 and Mali became an independent republic in 1960.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH TERRITORY OF THE AFARS AND THE ISSAS
    Formerly French Somali Coast. It became independent in 1977 and was renamed Djibouti.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FRENCH WEST AFRICA
    A territory in North West Africa.
    It was made up of Senegal, French Guinea, Ivory Coast, Dahomey, French Sudan, Mauritania, Niger and UpperVolta.
    French Sudan and Senegal became the Mali Federation and the others became independent republics.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • FUJEIRA
    One of the Trucial States in the Persian Gulf.
    In 1971 it joined six other Shaikdoms to form the United Arab Emirates and used their stamps from 1973.
    Currency
  • 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1967 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • FUNCHAL
    A district of Madeira.
    Used stamps of Madeira from 1868 to 1881.
    Used stamps of Portugal from 1881.
    Currency
  • 1868 1000 reis = 1 milreis.

  •  
    G
    GABON
    A French colony on the West coast of Equatorial Africa.
    In 1937 it became part of French Equatorial Africa.
    In 1958 it became independent within the French Community.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GALAPAGOS ISLANDS
    The islands were annexed by Ecuador. In 1973 they became a province of Ecuador.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 sucre.

  • GAMBIA
    A British colony on the East coast of Africa.
    Self governing on 4 October 1963.
    Independence on 18 February 1965.
    A republic on 24 April 1970.
    Currency
  • 1869 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 bututs = 1 dalasy.

  • GEORGIA
    Formerly part of Transcaucasian Russia.
    Acheived independence after the 1917 Russian Revolution when it became part of the Transcaucasian Federation which is now part of Soviet Russia.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • GERMAN COMMANDS
    German occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania during 1914 to 1918.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMAN EAST AFRICA
    A German colony on the East coast of Africa.
    Under British control after World War 1.
    Currency
  • 1893 64 pesa = 100 hellar; 100 hellar = 1 rupee.
  • 1905 100 hellar = 1 rupee.

  • GERMAN NEW GUINEA
    A German colony on part of the island of New Guinea.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF ALSAGE
    Stamps of Germany opted Elsass
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF BEGIUM
    German occupation of East Belgium between 1914 and 1918.
    Stamps of Germany inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF ESTONIA
    Stamps inscribed ESTLAND or German stamps opted OSTLAND.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF LATVIA
    Stamps of Russia opted LATVIA 1941.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF LITHUANIA
    Stamps of Russia opted NEPRIKLAUSOMA LIETUVA 1941-V1-23 or VILNIUS.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF LORRAINE
    Stamps of Germany opted Lothringen.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF POLAND
    German occupation of Poland between 1915 and 1918.
    Stamps of Germany opted Russisch-Polen or Gen.-Gouv. Warschau.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF RUMANIA
    German occupation of Rumania between 1917 and 1918.
    Stamps opted Gultig 9 Armee or opted M.V.i.R. or opted Rumanien.
    Currency
  • 100 bani = 1 leu.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF RUSSIA
    Stamps of Germany opted OSTLAND or UKRAINE.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 reichsmark.

  • GERMAN OCCUPATION OF ZANTE
    German occupation of Ionian Islands between 1943 and 1944.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira; 1 litre = 8 drachma.

  • GERMAN POST OFFICES IN CHINA
    German Post Offices in China.
    Stamps of Germany opted China.
    Currency
  • 1898 100 pfennig = 1 mark.
  • 1905 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • GERMAN POST OFFICES IN MOROCCO
    German Post Offices in Morocco.
    Stamps of Germany surcharged Marocco or Marokko.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.

  • GERMAN POST OFFICES IN TURKEY
    German Post Offices in Turkey.
    Stamps of Germany opted Turkey.
    Currency
  • 1884 40 para = 1 piaster.
  • 1908 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA
    A German colony in South West Africa.
    Stamps of Germany opted or inscribed Deutsch-Sudwestafrika.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMANY

    Currency
  • 1872 30 groschen = 1 thaler (North Area).
  • 1872 90 kreuzer = 1 gulden (South Area).
  • 1875 100 pfennig = 1 mark.
  • 1923 100 renten-pfennig = 1 rentenmark (gold currency).
  • 1928 100 pfennig = 1 reichsmark.

  • GERMANY (WEST GERMANY)
    A German Federal Republic from 1949, includes areas formerly under occupation by British, American and French Zones.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GERMANY (WEST BERLIN)

    Currency
  • 1948 100 pfennig = 1 Deutsche Mark (East).
  • 1949 100 pfennig = 1 Deutsche Mark (West).

  • GERMANY (EAST GERMANY)
    The German Democratic Republic was set up in 1949 to administer the Russian Zone.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • GHADAMES
    A location in the Libyan desert administered by France from 1943 to 1951.
    Part of Libya from 1951.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GHANA
    Formerly a British colony of the Gold Coast.
    Independent on 6 March 1957.
    Became a republic in 1960.
    Currency
  • 1957 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1965 100 pesawas = 1 cedi.
  • 1967 100 new pesawas = 1 new cedi.
  • 1972 100 pesawas = 1 cedi; 1 cedi = 0.8 previous new cedi.

  • GIBRALTAR
    A British colony in the Western Mediterranean.
    Currency
  • 1886 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • GILBERT AND ELLIS ISLANDS
    A British colony in the South Pacific.
    Currency
  • 1911 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • GILBERT ISLANDS
    Independent on 12 July 1979 and renamed Kiribati.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • GOLD COAST
    A British colony on the West coast of Africa.
    Independent in 1957 and was renamed Ghana.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • GREAT BRITAIN
    Consisting of four countries, England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Island.
    Great Britain is now referred to as the United Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • GREAT COMORO
    A French island North West of Madagascar.
    Stamps of France inscribed GRANDE COMORE.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GREECE
    A country in the South East of Europe.
    Under Turkish rule until it became a kingdom in 1930.
    Became a republic from 1924 to 1935.
    Occupied by Germany from 1941 to 1944.
    Became a republic again in 1973.
    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • GREEK OCCUPATION OF ALBANIA

    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • GREEK OCCUPATION OF THE DODECANESE ISLANDS
    The Dodecanese Islands were formerly Italian and transferred to Greece in 1947.
    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • GREENLAND
    Part of the Danish Kingdom to the North East of Canada.
    Currency
  • 100 ore = 1 krone.

  • GRENADA
    One of the Windward Islands.
    Self Government on 1 January 1960, Statehood on 3 March 1967 and Independence in 1974.
    Currency
  • 1861 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1949 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • GRENADINES OF GRENADA
    Consists of the Southern part of the island group attached to Grenada.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • GRIQUALAND WEST
    Formerly a British colony transferred to the Cape of Good Hope.
    Now part of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.

  • GUADELOUPE
    Formerly a French colony in the West Indies that include islands between Antigua and Dominica.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GUAM
    An island in the Pacific Ocean belonging to the United States of America.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • GUANACASTE
    A province of Costa Rica.
    Stamps of Costa Rica opted Guanacaste.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • GUATEMALA
    A republic in Central America.
    Became independent in 1847.
    Currency
  • 1871 100 centavos = 8 reales; 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1871 100 centavos de quetzal = 1 quetzal.

  • GUERNSEY
    An island off the Northwest coast of France.
    Occupied by Germany between 1940 and 1945.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.

  • GUINEA
    Formerly a French colony on the coast of West Africa.
    Became independent in 1958.
    Currency
  • 1892 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1973 100 caury = 1 syli.
  • 1986 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • GUINEA - BISSAU
    Formerly Portuguese Guinea until 1974 when a rebellion led to independence.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 escudo.
  • 1976 100 cents = 1 peso.

  • GUYANA
    Formerly known as British Guiana.
    Became Independent on 26 May 1966.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • GWALIOR
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  •  
    H
    HAITI
    The Western portion of San Domingo in the West Indies.
    Became a republic in 1804.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 gourde or piastre.

  • HAMBURG
    A port in North West Germany, formerly a Free City, now part of West Germany.
    Currency
  • 16 schillinge = 1 mark.

  • HANOVER

    Currency
  • 1850 12 pfennig = 1 gutegroschen.
  • 24 gutengroschen = 1 thaler.
  • 1858 10 (new) pfennig = 1 (new) groschen.
  • 30 (new) groschen = 1 thaler.

  • HATAY
    A territory of Alexandretta under French control from 1923 to 1938.
    Returned to Turkey in 1939.
    Currency
  • 100 centiemes = 1 piastre.
  • 1938 100 santims = 40 paras; 40 paras = 1 kurus.

  • HAWAII
    A group of islands in the Pacific.
    An independent kingdom until 1893.
    Became part of the United States of America from 1898.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.


  • HELIGOLAND
    An island off the North coast of Germany.
    Currency
  • 1867 16 schillings = 1 mark.
  • 1875 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • HOI-HAO (HOIHOw)
    An Indo-China post office in China that closed in 1922.
    Currency
  • 1901 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1918 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • HONDURAS
    A republic of Central America.
    Independent from 1838.
    Currency
  • 1866 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1878 100 centivos = 1 peso.
  • 1933 100 centivos = 1 lempira.

  • HONG KONG
    An island Formerly a British Colony.
    Occupied by the Japan on 25 December 1941 and returned to British control on 16 September 1945.
    Returned to China in 1997.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Hong Kong dollar.

  • HORTA
    A district of the Azores.
    Stamps of Azores inscribed HORTA.
    Currency
  • 1865 1000 reis = 1 milreis.

  • HUNGARY
    A country in Central Europe. A kingdom until 1918 when it adopted a Soviet style government.
    Became a Peoples Republic in 1949.
    Currency
  • 1858 100 krajczar = 1 forint.
  • 1900 100 fillar (heller) = 1 korona (krone).
  • 1926 100 filler = 1 pengo.
  • 1946 100 filler = 1 forint.

  • HYDERABAD
    A state in India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  •  
    I
    ICELAND
    An island to the South East of Greenland.
    An independent state that was formerly Danish and is now a republic.
    Currency
  • 1873 96 skilling = 1 riksdaler.
  • 1876 100 aurar = 1 krona.

  • IFNI
    A Spanish enclave from 1860 located on the coast of Northern Morocco.
    Passed from Spain to Morocco in 1969.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.


  • IDAR
    A state in Western India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • INDIA
    A South Asia Peninsular.
    Split into two to form the countries of Pakistan and Indian in 1947.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1957 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1964 100 paisa = 1 rupee.
  • See also Alwar, Bamra, Barwani, Bhopal, Bhor, Bijawar, Bundi, Bussahir, Chamba, Charkhari, Cochin, Dhar, Dungarpur, Duttia, Faridkot, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Idar, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jasdan, Jhalawar, Jind, Kishangarh, Morvi, Nabha, Nandgaon, Patiala, Poonch, Rajasthan, Rajpipla,

    INDIAN CUSTODIAN FORCES IN KOREA
    Indian Forces in Korea.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • INDIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
    Indian forces from 1914 to 1918.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • INDIAN FORCES IN INDO-CHINA
    Indian forces in Indo-China.
    Currency
  • 1954 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1957 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1964 100 paisa = 1 rupee.

  • INDIAN U.N. FORCE IN CONGO
    Indian forces in Congo.
    Currency
  • 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.

  • INDIAN U.N. FORCES IN GAZA (PALESTINE)
    Indian forces attached to the United Nations in Gaza.
    Currency
  • 100 paisa = 1 rupee.

  • INDO-CHINA
    A French territory in South East Asia.
    In 1949 it split into three states of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
    Currency
  • 1889 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1918 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • INDO-CHINESE POST OFFICES IN CHINA
    Stamps of Indo-China opted CHINE.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • INDONESIA
    An independent republic from 1945 to 1948.
    Renamed Indonesia in 1948.
    In 1949 it split from New Guinea and became an independent state called the United States of Indonsia.
    In 1950 it became the Indonesian Republic.
    Currency
  • 100 cents (or sen) = 1 gulden (or rupiah).

  • INDORE (HOLKAR STATE)
    A state in Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • INHAMBANE
    A district of Mozambique which used its own stamps from 1895 to 1920.
    Currency
  • 1895 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • ININI
    A territory in French Guinea in the North East of South America.
    Administered separately from 1930 to 1946 when it was reunited with French Guiana.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • IONIAN ISLANDS
    A group of islands off the West coast of Greece.
    Under British protection from 1815 then transferred to Greece.
    Occupied by Italy in 1941 and Germany in 1943.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • IRAN
    A state in West Asia.
    Currency
  • 1868 20 shahis = 1 kran; 10 krans = 1 toman.
  • 1881 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1885 20 chahis = 1 kran; 10 krans = 1 toman.
  • 1932 100 dinars = 1 rial; 20 rials = 1 pahlavi.

  • IRAQ
    A country to the West of Persia formerly under Turkish dominion.
    Under British control after 1918.
    Became independent from 1932 until 1958 when it became a republic.
    Currency
  • 1917 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1931 1000 fils = 1 dinar.

  • IRELAND (EIRE)
    Formerly known as Eire when part of Great Britain.
    Currency
  • 1922 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • IRELAND (REPUBLIC)
    The Republic of Ireland is an independent state from 1949.
    Formerly part of Great Britain and Ireland.
    Stamps inscribed Eire.
    Currency
  • 1949 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 (new) pence = 1 pound (punt).

  • ISLE OF MAN
    An island in the Irish Sea to the Northeast of England.
    Currency
  • 100 pence = 1 pound.
  • ISRAEL
    The state of Israel was proclaimed in 1948 following approval by the United Nations.
    Currency
  • 1948 1000 prutot (mils) = 1 Israeli pound.
  • 1960 100 agorot = 1 Israeli pound.
  • 1980 100 agorot = 1 shekel.

  • ITALIAN AUSTRIA
    An Italian territory acquired from Austria after 1918.
    Includes Trentino an Trieste.
    Currency
  • 1918 100 heller = 1 krone.
  • 1918 100 centesimi = 1 lira.
  • 1919 100 centesimi = 1 corona.

  • ITALIAN COLONIES

    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
    Part of Italian Empire in East Africa from 1936.
    Includes Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland.
    Occupied in 1942 by British forces.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF CEPHALONIA AND ITHACA

    Currency
  • 1965 10 old leks = 1 new lek.

  • ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF CORFU
    Includes two of the Greek Ionian Islands on the West coast of Greece.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF CORFU AND PAXUS
    A Greek Ionian Island off the coast of Albania.
    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF IONIAN ISLANDS
    An island group on the West Coast of Greece.
    Under British protection from 1815 and passed to Greece in 1864.
    Stamps used on all islands except Kithyra.
    Currency
  • 100 lepta = 1 drachma.

  • ITALIAN POST OFFICES IN CHINA
    Italian military post in China, including Peking and Tientsin.
    Stamps of Italy overprinted.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.
  • 100 cents - 1 dollar.

  • ITALIAN POST OFFICES IN CRETE
    Stamps of Italy overprinted.
    Currency in Turkish or Italian, surcharged or Overprinted.

    ITALIAN POST OFFICES IN THE LEVANT

    Currency in Turkish or Italian, surcharged or Overprinted.

    ITALY
    A republic in South Europe on the Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • IVORY COAST
    A French colony in West Africa.
    Part of French West Africa from 1944.
    Became a republic in 1958 within the French Community.
    Became fully independent in 1960.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  •  
    J

    JAIPUR
    A state Rajasthan, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • JAMAICA
    An island in the West Indies and part of the Caribbean Federation from 3 January 1958 to 6 August 1962.
    Became an independent state within the British Commonwealth.
    Currency
  • 1860 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1969 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • JAMMU AND KASHMIR
    A state in the North of India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • JAPAN
    An island empire in East Asia.
    Currency
  • 1871 100 mon = 1 sen.
  • 1872 10 rin = 1 sen; 100 sen = 1 yen.

  • JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF BRUNEI
    Included Brunei, Labuan, North Borneo, Sarawaki.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF BURMA
    Currency
  • 1942 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF CHINA

    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF NETHERLANDS INDIES

    Currency
  • 100 sen (cents) = 1 rupee (gulden).

  • JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF PHILIPPINES

    Currency
  • 100 centavos or Sentimos = 1 peso.

  • JAPANESE POST OFFICES IN CHINA

    Currency
  • 10 rin = 1 sen; 100 sen = 1 yen.

  • JAPANESE POST OFFICES IN KOREA

    Currency
  • 10 rin = 1 sen; 100 sen = 1 yen.

  • JASDAN
    A State of India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • JERSEY
    An island off the Northwest coast of France.
    Occupied by German forces from June 1940 to May 1945.
    1941 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
    1971 100 new pence = 1 pound sterling.

    JHALAWAR
    A state of Rajasthan, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 4 paisa = 1 anna.

  • JIND
    A state of the Punjah, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • JOHORE
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.
  • JORDAN
    A territory to the East of Israel formerly called Transjordan.
    Under British control from 1918 to 1946 when it became independent.
    Currency
  • 1920 1000 millemes = 100 piastres; 100 piastres = 1 pound (British).
  • 1927 1000 millemes = 100 piastres; 100 piastres = 1 pound (Egyptian).
  • 1950 1000 fils = 1 Jordan dinar.

  • JORDANIAN OCCUPATION OF PALESTINE
    Stamps of Jordan.
    Currency
  • 1927 1000 millemes = 100 piastres; 100 piastres = 1 pound (Egyptian).
  • 1950 1000 fils = 1 Jordan dinar.

  • JUBALAND
    An area in East Africa.
    Formerly part of Kenya. Passed by Britain to Ital in 1925.
    Became part of Italian Somaliland.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  •  
    K

    KAMPUCHEA
    The Peoples Republic of Kampuchea was created on 10th January 1979 following the fall of Khmer Republic
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 riel.

  • KATANGA
    Independent in 1960 until re-united with Congo in 1963

    KATHIRI STATE OF SEIYUN
    Formerly part of Aden Protectorate States.
    Now Part of Southern Yemen.
    Currency As Aden

    KELANTAN
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • KENYA
    Formerly known as British East Africa, and Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika.
    Became independent in 1963 and a republic in 1964.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • KENYA, UGANDA, AND TANGANYIKA
    Formerly known as British East Africa.
    Split into independent countries, Tanganyika in 1961, Uganda in 1962 and Kenya in 1963.
    Currency
  • 1903 to 1919 16 annas = 100 cents; 100 cents = 1 rupee.
  • 1922 100 cents = 1 shilling sterling.

  • KHMER REPUBLIC
    Cambodia was renamed to Khmer Republic on 9th October 1970.
    It became known as Kampuchea in 1979.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 riel.

  • KIAUTSCHOU (KIAOCHOW)
    A port in Shantung, China. It was leased to Germany in 1898.
    Japan occupied it in 1914. Reverted to China in 1922.
    Currency
  • 1900 100 pfennige = 1 mark.
  • 1905 100 cents = 1 dollar (Chinese).

  • KING EDWARD VII Land
    Relates to the Shakleton Antarctic Exhibition in 1908
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • KIONGA
    Part of German East Africa. Occupied in World War 2 by Portugal.
    Now incorporated into Mozambique.

    KIRIBATI
    A group of islands in the Pacific, Formerly known as the Gilbert Islands.
    Became independent on 12 July 1979 when it was renamed to Kiribati.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • KISHANGARH
    A state of Rajasthan, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • KOREA
    A peninsula in East Asia. Formerly an empire under Chinese sovereignty until 1910 when it fell into Japanese hands.
    In 1945 Russia and the United States of America took control and split the country in 2.
    In 1948 they became Independent republics named North Korea and South Korea.
    Currency
  • 10 mons = 1 poon.
  • 1000 ro = 100 cheun; 100 chuen = 1 won.
  • South Korea - 1953 100 weun = 1 hwan.
  • South Korea - 1962 100 cheun = 1 won.
  • North Korea - 1959 100 chon = 1 won.

  • KUWAIT
    Independent land on the Northwest coast of the Persian Gulf.
    Self Government on 1 February 1959.
    Became independent on 19 June 1961.
    Currency
  • 1923 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1957 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1961 1,000 fils = 1 dinar.
  •  
    L

    LA AGUERA
    A district in the Spanish Sahara.

    LABUAN
    An island off the North coast of Borneo.
    Under British Control from 1846, and a British colony from 1902.
    Part of Straits Settlements from 1906 until it became part of North Borneo in 1946.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • LAGOS
    A British colony on the South coast of Nigeria.
    United with Southern Nigeria in 1906.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • LAOS
    Formerly part of French Indo-China and became independent in 1951.
    Currency
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 piastre.
  • 1955 100 cents = 1 kip.

  • LAS BELA
    A state of Beluchistan, now part of Pakistan.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • LATAKIA
    Formerly known as Alaouites, a Syrian state that changed its name in 1930.
    Now uses Syrian stamps.
    Currency
  • 100 centiemes = 1 piastre.

  • LATVIA
    Acountry on the Baltic Sea.
    Formerly under Russian rule.
    Independent in 1918, and now part of Soviet Russia.
    Currency
  • 100 kapeikas = 1 rouble.
  • 1923 100 santimi (centimes) = 1 lat.

  • LEBANON
    Formerly part of the Turkish Empire.
    Independent in 1941.
    Currency
  • 100 centiemes = 1 piastre.
  • 100 piastres = 1 Lebanese pound.

  • LEEWARD ISLANDS
    A group of islands that includes Antigua, Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis, St. Christopher and St. Kitts.
    Stamps in use until 1956.
    Currency
  • 1890 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • LESOTHO
    Formerly Basutoland a British Commonwealth country.
    Became independent on 4 October 1966 when its name changed to Lesotho.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • LIBERIA
    A republic on the West coast of Africa.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • LIBYA
    Formerly an Italian colony in North Africa.
    Became an independent kingdom in 1951 and became the Libyan Arab Republic in 1969.
    Currency
  • 1912 100 centesimi = 1 lira.
  • 1952 1000 milliemes = 1 Libyan pound.
  • 1972 1000 dirhams = 1 dinar.

  • LIECHTENSTEIN
    An independent principality between Austria and Switzerland.
    Currency
  • 1912 100 heller = 1 krone.
  • 1921 100 rappen = 1 franc (Swiss).

  • LITHUANIA
    A country on the Baltic Sea.
    Formerly under Russian rule.
    Became independent under German Eastern Command.
    Now part of Soviet Russia.
    Currency
  • 1918 100 skatiku = 1 auksinas.
  • 1922 100 centu = 1 litas.

  • LOMBARDY AND VENETIA
    Formerly know as Austrian Italy.
    Lombardy joined Sardinia in 1859 and Venetia joined Italy in 1866.
    Currency
  • 1950 100 centesimi = 1 new lira.
  • 1958 100 soldi = 1 florin.
  • 1958 100 kreuzer = 1 gulden.

  • LOURENCO MARQUES
    A Portuguese colony in East Africa.
    Now part of Mozambique.
    Currency
  • 1895 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • LUBECK
    Formerly a free city on the Baltic Sea.
    Now part of West Germany.
    Currency
  • 16 schillinge = 1 mark.

  • LUXEMBOURG
    Independent Grand Duchy between Belgian and Saar.
    Occupied by Germany between 1940 and 1944.
    Currency
  • 1852 12.5 centimes = 1 silver groschen.
  • 1852 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1940 100 pfennig = 1 reichsmark.
  • 1944 100 centimes = 1 franc (Belgian).

  •  
    M

    MACAO

    Currency
  • 1884 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1894 78 avos = 1 rupee.
  • 1913 100 avos = 1 pataca.

  • MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES
    An island in the Indian Ocean off the East coast of South Africa.
    Became part of the Malagasy Republic in 1958.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MADEIRA
    A Portuguese island in the Atlantic Ocean off the North West coast of Africa.
    Currency
  • 1868 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1912 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • MAFEKING
    A town in Bechuland occupied by British troops during the Boer War.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • MAHRA STATE
    (Mahra Sultanate of Qishne and Socatra)
    Formerly part of Aden Protectorate States.
    Now Part of Southern Yemen.

    MALACCA
    A British colony on the Malayan peninsula.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • MALAGASY REPUBLIC
    Formerly areas of Madagascar that became a republic within the French Community from 1958.
    Currency
  • 1976 5 francs = 1 ariary.

  • MALAWI
    Formerly known as Nyasaland, and was renamed when it became independent on 6 July 1966.
    Currency
  • 1964 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1970 100 tambalas = 1 kwaka.

  • MALAYA (BRITISH MILITARY ADMINISTRATION)
    Stamps were used throughout the Malayan States and Singapore until replaced by individual stamps for each state.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MALAYA (UNDER JAPANESE OCCUPATION)
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MALAYA (UNDER THAI OCCUPATION)
    Included the states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Trenganu.
    Transferred from Japan to Thailand in 1943 and handed back to British control at the end of World War 2.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MALAYAN FEDERATION
    An independent country within the British Commonwealth.
    Includes all the Malayan states, Melacca and Penang, but excluded Singapore.
    In 1963 it became part of Malaysia.
    Currency
  • 100 cents (sen) = 1 Malaysian dollar.
  • See also Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sarawak, Selangor, Straits Settlements,

    MALAYAN POSTAL UNION
    Stamps issued initially for use in Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Straits Settlements.
    Later extended to all Malayan states and Singapore.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MALAYSIA
    Includes all Malaysian states including Singapore.
    Singapore left the federation when it became independent in 1965.
    Currency
  • 100 cents (sen) = 1 Malaysian dollar.
  • See also Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, Sabah, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sarawak, Selangor, Singapore,

    MALDIVE ISLANDS
    A group of islands to the South of Ceylon.
    Became a republic on 1 January 1953.
    Returned to a sultanate in 1954.
    Became independent on 26 July 1965 and left the British Commonwealth.
    Rejoined the British Commonwealth on 9 July 1982.
    Currency
  • 1906 100 cents = 1 rupee.
  • 1951 100 larees = 1 rupee.

  • MALI
    Federation of French Sudan and Senegal was formed in 1959 as an independent republic within the French Community.
    The federation split in 1960, with French Sudan becaoming the independent Mali Republic.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MALTA
    An island in the Mediterranean Sea to the South of Italy.
    Became independent on 21 September 1964.
    Currency
  • 1860 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1972 10 mils = 1 cent; 100 cents = 1 Maltese pound.

  • MANAMA
    A dependency of Ajman.
    Currency
  • 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • MARIANA ISLANDS
    Spanish Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
    Guam was handed to the United States of America and the others to Germany before being passed to the U.S.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • MARIENWERDER
    Part of East Prussia, part of Germany from 1920.
    After World War 2 it returned to Poland and renamed to its original name Kwidzyn.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • MARSHALL ISLANDS
    Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
    A German protectorate from 1885.
    Between 1920 and 1947 it was Japanese territory.
    After 1947 it was part of the United States Trust Territory.
    Used stamps of the United States of America until 1984 when it started using its own stamps.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.
  • 1984 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MARTINIQUE
    An Island in the West Indies.
    Now using stamps of France.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MAURITANIA
    A French colony adjoining the Sahara that became part of French West Africa in 1944.
    In 1960 it became an independent Islamic Republic.
    Currency
  • 1973 100 cents = 1 ouguiya (um).

  • MAURITIUS
    An island in the Indian Ocean to the East of Madagascar.
    Self Government on 1 September 1967.
    Became independent on 12 march 1968.
    Currency
  • 1847 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1878 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • MAYOTTE
    A Comoro island near Madagascar.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN
    Formerly a Grand Duchy in North Germany, now part of East Germany.
    Currency
  • 48 schillings = 1 thaler.

  • MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ
    Formerly a Grand Duchy in North Germany, now part of East Germany.
    Currency
  • 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler.

  • MEMEL
    Formerly a port area and part of Germany on the Baltic Sea.
    Under Allied control in World War 1.
    Captured by Lithuania in 1923 and returned to Germany in 1939.
    Now part of Russia.
    Currency
  • 1920 100 pfennig = 1 mark.
  • 1923 100 cents = 1 litas.

  • MEXICO
    A republic in Central America.
    Part Maximilian of Austria's Empire between 1864 and 1867.
    Currency
  • 8 reales = 100 centavos; 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • MICRONESIA
    A group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.
    Part of the German Caroline Islands between 1899 and 1914.
    Occupied by the Japanese in 1914.
    In 1947 they became part of the United States Trust Territory and used U.S. stamps.
    Issued their own stamps from 1984.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • MIDDLE CONGO
    Formerly part of French Congo until 1906.
    In 1937 it became part of French Equitorial Africa. In 1958 it became part of the Congo Republic with the French Community.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MODENA
    A state in Upper Italy.
    Formerly a Duchy and now part of Italy.
    Used stamps of Sardinia from 1860 and now Italy.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • MOHELI
    A Comoro Island near Madagascar.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MONACO
    A principality on the South coast of France.
    Includes Monty Carlo.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 French franc.

  • MONGOLIA
    A republic in Central Asia between China and Russia.
    Became independent in 1921.
    Currency
  • 1924 100 cents = 1 dollar (Chinese).
  • 1926 100 mung = 1 tugrik.

  • MONG-TSEU (MENGTSZ)
    An Indo-Chinese Post Office in Yunnan province of China until 1922.
    Currency
  • 1903 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1919 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • MONSERRAT
    One of the Leeward Islands.
    Currency
  • 1876 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • MONTENEGRO
    Formerly a monarchy on the Adriatic Sea.
    Was under Italian and German occupation between 1939 and 1945.
    Now part of Yugaslavia.
    Currency
  • 1874 100 novcic = 1 florin.
  • 1902 100 heller = 1 krone.
  • 1907 100 para = 1 krone.
  • 1910 100 para = 1 perper.

  • MOROCCO
    An independent kingdom from 1956 on the North West coast of Africa.
    Currency
  • Nothern zone - 100 centimes = 1 peseta.
  • Southern zone - 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • MOROCCO AGENCIES
    Currency varies

    MORVI
    A state of India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna.

  • MOSUL
    Stamps used by Indian forces in Mesopotania between 1914 and 1918.
    Now Iraq.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • MOZAMBIQUE
    Formerly an overseas province of Potugal in East Africa.
    Independent in 1975.
    Currency
  • 1980 100 centavos = 1 meticul.

  • MOZAMBIQUE COMPANY
    Formerly an overseas province of Potugal in East Africa.
    Independent in 1975.
    Currency
  • 1899 1000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • MUSCAT
    An independent state in Eastern Arabia.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • MUSCAT AND OMAN
    An independent Sultanate in Eastern Arabia.
    The name changed to Oman in 1971.
    Currency
  • 64 baizas = 1 rupee.
  • 1970 1000 baizas = 1 rial saidi.
  •  
    N

    NABHA
    A state in the Punjab, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • NANDGAON (RAJNANDGAON)
    A state of Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • NATAL
    Situated on the East Coast of South Africa.
    Formerly a British colony and later a province of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NAURU
    An island in the West Pacific ocean.
    Formerly under German control an then Australian control.
    Became independent on 31 January 1968.
    Currency
  • 1916 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • NEAPOLITAN PROVINCES
    An issue on behalf of Naples and South Italy in 1860.
    Currency
  • 100 grana = 200 tornesi; 200 tornesi = 1 ducato.

  • NEGRI SEMBILAN
    A British colony on the Malayan peninsula.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • NEPAL
    An independent Kingdom in the Himalayas to the North of India.
    Currency
  • 1881 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1907 64 pice = 1 rupee.
  • 1954 100 paisa = 1 rupee.

  • NETHERLANDS
    A kingdom on the North Sea on the North West of Europe.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 gulden (florin).

  • NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
    Netherlands Islands in the Caribean Sea.

    NETHERLANDS INDIES
    Formerly a Dutch colony in the Est Indies.
    Included Java, Sumatra and Parts of Borneo and New Guinea.
    Renamed Indonesia in 1948.
    Independent in 1949. Netherlands New Guinea was Dutch until 1962 when it was under control of the U.N.
    Joined Indonesia in 1963.

    NETHERLANDS NEW GUINEA
    The Western half of New Guinea.
    Governed by Netherlands until 1962 when the U.N. took control.
    Now part of Indonesia known as West Irian.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 gulden.

  • NEVIS
    One of the Leeward Islands.
    Currency
  • 1861 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1980 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NEW BRUNSWICK
    An Eastern province of Canada.
    Currency
  • 1851 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1860 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NEW CALEDONIA
    A French Overseas Territory in the South Pacific to the East of Australia.
    Includes East Caledonia and smaller islands.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • NEWFOUNDLAND
    An island off the East coast of Canada. Merged with Canada in 1949.
    Currency
  • 1851 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1866 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NEW GUINEA
    Part of the island of New Guinea.
    Formerly a German colony, occupied by Australian forces between 1914 and 1918.
    Now merged with Papua and administered by Australia.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NEW HEBRIDES
    A group of islands in the Pacific Ocean to the east of Australia.
    Formerly under joint control of Britain and France.
    Became independent in 1980 and was renamed to Vanuatu.
    Currency
  • 1908 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1938 100 gold centimes = 1 gold franc.
  • 1977 100 centimes = 1 New Hebrides franc.

  • NEW REPUBLIC
    A Boer republic originally part of Zululand.
    Incorporated in to South Africa in 1888 and then to Natal in 1903.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NEW ZEALAND
    A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean to the East of Australia.
    Currency
  • 1855 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NICARAGUA
    A republic in Central America.
    Independent in 1821.
    Currency
  • 1862 100 centavos = 1 peso (paper currency).
  • 1912 100 centavos de cordoba = 1 peso de cordoba (gold currency).
  • 1925 100 centavos = 1 cordoba.

  • NIGER COAST PROTECTORATE
    A district on the West coast of Africa.
    Later absorbed into South Nigeria.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NIGERIA (British)
    A former British colony on the West coast of Africa.
    Includes North Nigeria, South Nigeria and Lagos.
    Now divided into three regions of North Nigeria, Western Nigeria, Eastern Nigeria and Lagos.
    Became independent in 1960 and a republic in 1963.
    The Eastern region known as Biafra joined Nigeria in 1970 after troops invaded.
    Currency
  • 1914 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1973 100 kobo = 1 naira.

  • NIGERIA (French)
    Formerly a French West Africa colony located to the South West of the Sahara.
    Became independent from 1919.
    Rejoined and used stamps of French West Africa between 1944 and 1959.
    Became a republic within the French community in 1958.
    Independent in 1960.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • NIUAF'OU
    A remote island that is part of the kingdom of Tonga
    Currency
  • 100 seniti = 1 pa'anga.

  • NIUE
    One of the Cook Islands in the South Pacific.
    Formerly a dependency of New Zealand it became self governing in 1974.
    Currency
  • 1902 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NORFOLK ISLAND
    A small island to the East of New South Wales, Australia.
    Became Self Governing in 1960.
    Currency
  • 1947 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • NORTH BORNEO
    A territory in North Borneo.
    Joined Malaysia in 1963 and was renamed Sabah in 1964.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malasian dollar.

  • NORTHERN ISLAND
    Part of Great Britain which is now referred to as the United Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • NORTH GERMAN CONFEDERATION
    Created in 1868 incorporating Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Lubeck, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony.
    Became part of German Reichspost from 1871.
    Used German stamps from 1872.
    Currency
  • 30 groschen = 1 thaler; 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden.

  • NORTH INGERMANLAND
    An area next to Finland, temporarily independent from Russia.
    Currency
  • 100 pennia = 1 mark.

  • NORTHERN NIGERIA
    Situated on the West coast of Africa.
    Joined Nigeria in 1914.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NORTHERN RHODESIA
    A territory in Central Africa North of Zambesi.
    Part of the Central African Federation from 1954 to 1963.
    Became independent on 24 October 1964.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • NORTH WEST RUSSIA
    Used by anti-bolshevist armies in the Russian Civil War between 1918 and 1920.
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • NORWAY

    Currency
  • 1855 120 skilling = 1 speciedaler.
  • 1877 100 ore = 1 krone.

  • NOSSI-BE
    An island to the North West of Madagascar.
    Became a French Protectorate in 1840.
    In 1901 it became part of the Madagascan colony.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • NOVA SCOTIA
    An Eastern province of Canada.
    Currency
  • 1851 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1859 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • NYASSA COMPANY
    Northern part of Mozambique under Portugese control until 1894 when a Charter was granted to the Nyassa Company to control the area.
    In 1929 it rejoined Mozambique.
    Currency
  • 1898 reis.
  • 1918 centavos.

  • NYASALAND PROTECTORATE
    A protectorate in Central Africa.
    Formerly known as British Central Africa.
    Part of the Central African Federation from 1954 to 1963.
    Became independent in July 1964 and renamed Malawi.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  •  
    O

    OBOCK
    An area on the Somali Coast, now part of French Somali Coast.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 franc.

  • OCEANIC SETTLEMENTS
    French Islands in the East Pacific Ocean.
    Stamps inscribed ESTABLISSEMENTS FRANCAIS DE L'OCEANIE or OCEANIE.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 franc.

  • OLDENBURG
    Formerly a Grand Duchy in North Germany.
    Currency
  • 72 grote = 1 thaler.

  • OMAN (SULTANATE)
    An indepenent Sultanate of Muscat and Oman.
    Renamed Sultanate of Oman.
    Currency
  • 1000 baizas = 1 rial saidi.

  • ORANGE FREE STATE (ORANGE RIVER COLONY)
    A British colony from 1848 to 1854.
    Became independent form 1854 to 1899.
    Annexed from Britain in 1900.
    Then joined the Union of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • ORCHHA
    A state in Central India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  •  
    P

    PAHANG
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • PAKHOI
    An Indo-China Post Office in China.
    Stamps of Indo-China.
    Currency
  • 1889 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1918 100 cents = 1 piastre.

  • PAKISTAN
    Created in 1947 when the former India was split into two countries.
    Became an independent Islamic Republic in 1947 within the British Commonwealth.
    Became independent in 1956.
    The eastern Province separated from Pakistan in 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh.
    Left the British Commonwealth on 30 January 1972.
    Currency
  • 1947 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1961 100 paisa = 1 rupee.

  • PALAU
    Formerly part of the United States Trust Territory in the Pacific.
    Became independent in 1981. Used U.S. stamps until 1983.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • PALESTINE
    A territory in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.
    Captured by the British from the Turks in 1917.
    Occupation ceased in 1920.
    Became under a League of Nations Mandate in 1923.
    Currency
  • 1918 10 milliemes = 1 piastre.
  • 1927 1000 mils = £P1

  • PANAMA
    A country in Central America.
    Formerly a State of Panama.
    Independent republic from 1903.
    Currency
  • 1878 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1906 100 centesimos = 1 balboa.

  • PAPAL STATES
    Parts of Italy until Papal control until 1870.
    Currency
  • 1852 100 bajocchi = 1 scudo.
  • 1866 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • PAPUA
    The Eastern portion of the island of New Guinea formerly known as British New Guinea.
    Under Australian administration since 1914.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • PAPUA NEW GUINEA
    Combine territory on the island of New Guinea.
    An Australian administration under Self Government took over in 1973.
    Currency
  • 1952 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.
  • 1975 100 toea = 1 kina.

  • PARAGUAY

    Currency
  • 1870 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1878 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1944 100 centimos = 1 guarani.

  • PARMA
    Formerly a Grand Duchy in North Italy.
    Part of Sardina in 1860, then joined Italy.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • PATIALA
    A state in the Punjab, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • PENANG
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • PENRHYN ISLAND
    One of the Cook Islands in the South Pacific and a dependency of New Zealand.
    Currency.
  • 1902 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1973 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • PERAK
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • PERLIS
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • PERU
    A republic on the North West coast of South America.
    Became independent in 1821.
    Currency
  • 1857 8 reales = 1 peso.
  • 1858 100 centavos = 10 dineros; 10 dineros = 5 pesetas; 5 pesetas = 1 peso.
  • 1874 100 centavos = 1 sol.
  • 1985 100 centimos = 1 inti.

  • PHILIPPINES
    Islands in the China Sea to the East of Asia.
    Passed to the United States after 1898.
    Occupied by the Japanese between 1941 and 1945.
    Independent in 1946 and a republic in 1946.
    Currency
  • 1854 20 cuartos = 1 real; 8 reales = 1 peso plata fuerte.
  • 1864 100 centimos = 1 peso plata fuerte.
  • 1871 100 centimos = 1 escudo (half a peso).
  • 1872 100 centimos = 1 peseta (fifth of a peso).
  • 1876 1000 milesimas = 100 centavos; 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1899 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  • 1906 100 centavos = 1 peso.
  • 1962 100 sentimos = 1 piso.

  • PITCAIRN ISLANDS
    An island group in the Pacific Ocean.
    Currency
  • 1940 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 New Zealand dollar.

  • POLAND
    A country between Russia and Germany.
    Independent since 1918 apart from occupation by Germany between 1939 and 1945.
    Currency
  • 1860 100 kopecks = 1 rouble.
  • 1918 100 pfennige = 1 mark.
  •   100 halerze = 1 krone.
  •   100 fenigi = 1 mark.
  • 1918 100 groszy = 1 zloty.
  • 1924 100 old leks = 1 new lek.

  • POLISH POST IN DANZIG
    Post for a port used by Poland between the World Wars.
    Currency
  • 100 groszy = 1 zloty.

  • POLISH POST OFFICE IN TURKEY
    Post used by the Polish Consulate in Constantinople.
    Currency
  • 100 fenigow = 1 marka.

  • PONTA DELGADA
    A district in the Azores.
    Currency
  • 1000 reis = 1 milreis.

  • POONCH
    A state in Kashmir, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • PORT LAGOS
    French post office in Turkey.
    Currency
  • 25 centimes = 1 piastre.

  • PORT SAID
    French post office in the Egytian seaport.
    Currency
  • 1902 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1921 1,000 milliemes = 1 Egyptian pound.

  • PORTUGAL

    Currency
  • 1853 1,000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1912 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • PORTUGUESE COLONIES
    Stamps issued for Portugese controlled countries.
    Currency
  • 1898 1,000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1919 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • PORTUGUESE CONGO
    Formerly part of Angola to the North of the River Congo then under Portuguese control.
    More recently called Cabinda.
    Currency
  • 1894 1,000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • PORTUGUESE GUINEA
    Formerly a Portugese territory on the West coast of Africa.
    Used stamps of Cape Verde from 1877 to 1881.
    Became independent in 1974 and renamed Guinea-Bissau.
    Currency
  • 1881 1,000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1913 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • PORTUGUESE INDIA
    Formerly a Portugese territory on the West coast of India.
    Made up of Goa, Damao and Diu.
    Became part of India in 1961.
    Currency
  • 1871 1,000 reis = 1 milreis.
  • 1882 12 reis = 1 tango; 16 tangos = 1 rupia.
  • 1959 100 centavos = 1 escudo.

  • PRUSSIA
    Formerly a kingdom in the North of Germany.
    It became part of the North German Confederation in 1867.
    Currency
  • 1850 12 pfenige = 1 silbergroschen; 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler.
  • 1867 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden.

  • PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
    An island off the East coast of Canada.
    Currency
  • 1861 12 pence = 1 shilling.
  • 1872 100 cents = 1 dollar.
  •  
    Q

    QATAR
    An independent Arab Shaikhdom.
    Stamps under British post intil 1963.
    Currency
  • 1964 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1966 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • QUATI STATE OF HADRAMAUT
    Formerly part of Aden Protectorate States.
    Now Part of Southern Yemen.

    QUEENSLAND
    A state in the Northeast of Australia.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • QUELIMANE
    Formerly a Portugese district in East Africa, then part of Mozambique.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 escudo.
  •  
    R

    RAJASTHAN
    Formed in 1938 from the states of Rajputana, India which included Bundi, Jaipur, Kishangarh.
    Now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • RAJPIPLA
    A state of Bombay, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • RAS AL KHAIMA
    An arab Shaikhdom in the Arabian Gulf.
    It joined the United Arab Emirates in 1972.
    Currency
  • 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.
  • 1966 100 dirhams = 1 riyal.

  • REDONDA
    A dependency of Antigua.
    Currency as Antigua.

    REUNION
    An island in te Indian Ocean to the East of Madagascar.
    Currently a French overseas department.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • RHODESIA
    A British territory in South Central Africa.
    Divided into two territories in 1924 and named North Rhodesia, South Rhodesia.
    Currency
  • 1920 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1970 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • RHODESIA AND NYASALAND
    Made up of North Rhodesia, South Rhodesia and the Nyasaland Protectorate.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • RIAU-LINGGA ARCHIPELAGO
    Part of Indonesia. Islands to the East of Sumatra and to the South of Singapore.

    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rupish.
  • 100 sen = 1 rupish.

  • RIO DE ORO
    A Spanish territory on the West coast of North Africa.
    Named Spanish Sahara in 1924.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.

  • RIO MUNI
    A settlement on the coast between Cameroun and Gahon.
    Formerly under Spanish Guinea until.
    Became independent in 1968.
    Joined Fernando Poo to form Equitorial Guinea.
    Currency
  • 100 centimos = 1 peseta.

  • ROMAGNA
    A Papal state, now part of Italy.
    Currency
  • 100 bajocchi = 1 scudo.

  • ROSS DEPENDENCY
    A dependency of New Zealand on the Ross Sea of the Atlantic.
    Currency
  • 1957 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • ROUAD ISLAND (ARWAD)
    An island in the East Mediterranean near Syria.
    Formerly a French post office.
    Currency
  • 25 centimes = 1 piastre.

  • RUANDA-URUNDI
    Part of German East Africa.
    Occupied by Belgium in the World War 1, continued under Belgium control until 1962.
    Split into 2 independent sates of Rwanda and Burundi.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • RUMANIA
    A republic in South East Europe on the Black Sea.
    Formerly a kingdom combining Moldavia and Wallachia.
    Currency
  • 1858 40 parale = 1 piastre.
  • 1867 100 bani = 1 leu.

  • RUMANIAN OCCUPATION OF HUNGARY

    Currency
  • 100 filler = 1 korona.

  • RUMANIAN POST OFFICES ABROAD
    Rumanian post office in the Turkish Empire and Constantinople.
    Currency
  • Turkey 40 paras = 1 piastre.
  • Constantinople 100 bani = 1 leu.

  • RUSSIA
    A country in the East of Europe and North Asia.
    Formerly and Empire.
    In 1917 named the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
    Currency
  • 100 kopeks = 1 rouble.

  • RUSSIAN POST OFFICES IN CHINA

    Currency
  • 1899 100 kopecks = 1 rouble.
  • 1917 100 cents = 1 dollar (Chinese).

  • RUSSIAN POST OFFICES IN CRETE

    Currency
  • 4 metallik = 1 grosian (Turkish piastre).

  • RUSSIAN POST OFFICES IN TURKEY

    Currency
  • 1863 100 kopecks = 1 rouble.
  • 1900 40 paras = 1 piastre.

  • RWANDA
    Formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi.
    An independent republic from 1962.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • RYUKYU ISLANDS
    Islands between Japan and Formosa.
    Formerly Japanese intil 1945 when occupied by the United States.
    Partly returned to Japan in 1953 and remainder in 1972.
    Currency
  • 1948 100 sen = 1 yen.
  • 1958 100 cents = 1 dollar (United States).

  •  
    S

    SAAR
    A German territory to the South East of Luxemburg.
    Occupied by France between 1920 and 1935.
    Returned to Germany in 1935.
    Occupied by France in 1945.
    Self Ruled under French administration until 1956 when it was returned to West Germany.
    Currency
  • 1920 100 pfennig = 1 mark.
  • 1921 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1935 100 pfennig = 1 reichmark.
  • 1947 100 pfennig = 1 saarmark.
  • 1947 100 centimes = 1 franc.
  • 1959 as West Germany.

  • SABAH
    Formerly known as North Borneo, now part of Malaysia.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • SAMOA
    Formany a colony on an island in the West Pacific under joint control of Britain Germany and United States. Split in 1899, Eastern islands passed to the United States and Western islands to Germany.
    Currency
  • 100 pfennig = 1 mark.

  • SAN MARINO
    An independent rupublic near the East coast of Italy.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • SANTANDER
    A state in the Grenadine Confederation.
    A department of Columbia from 1886.
    Currency
  • 100 centavos = 1 peso.

  • SARDINIA
    Formerly an Italian kingdom.

    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • SASENO
    An island near the West coast of Albania.
    Occupied by Italy for a short time.
    Currency
  • 100 centesimi = 1 lira.

  • SAUDI ARABIA
    Formerly under Turkish rule.
    Became an independent kingdom in 1916.
    Named changed in 1932 to the Saudi Arabian Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 1916 40 paras = 1 piastre.
  • 1929 110 guerche = 10 riyal; 10 riyal = 1 gold sovereign.
  • 1952 440 guerche = 40 riyal; 40 riyal = 1 gold sovereign.
  • 1960 100 halalah = 20 guerche; 20 guerche = 1 riyal; 1 piastre = 1 guerche.
  • 1976 100 halalas = 1 rial.

  • SCOTLAND
    Part of Great Britain which is now referred to as the United Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • ST. CHRISTOPHER
    One of the Leeward Islands
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling.

  • STE. MARIE DE MADAGASCAR
    An island near the coast of Madagascar.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • ST. HELENA
    An island in the South Atlantic Ocean to the West of Africa.
    Currency
  • 1856 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 pence = 1 pound.

  • ST. KITTS
    Formed part of the state of St. Kitts-Nevis.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • ST. KITTS-NEVIS
    Islands in the Leeward Island group.
    Changed their name to St. Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla in 1956 and Statehood on 23 June 1980.
    Currency
  • 1903 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • ST. LUCIA
    One of the Windward Islands.
    Became independent on 1 March 1967.
    Currency
  • 1903 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • ST. PIERRE ET MIQUELON
    French islands near the South coast of Newfoundland.
    Became a French Overseas Department in 1976.
    French stamps were used until 1986.
    Currency
  • 100 centimes = 1 franc.

  • ST. THOMAS AND PRINCE ISLANDS
    Comprised of 2 Islands in the Gulf of Guinea near the West coast of Africa.
    Formerly under Portugese control and independent in 1975.
    Currency
  • 1977 100 cents = 1 dobra.

  • ST. VINCENT
    One of the Windward Islands.
    Currency
  • 1903 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • SAMOA
    Islands in the West Pacific.
    Formerly administered jointly by Britain, Germany and USA between 1889 and 1899.
    Occupied by British forces in 1914 and handed to New Zealand.
    The United Nations took control under trusteeship.
    Became independent in 1962.
    Currency
  • 1903 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1951 100 sene or cents = 1 tale or dollar.

  • SARAWAK
    Formerly an independent state on the North coast of Borneo.
    Occupied by Japan between 1941 and 1945.
    A British colony from 1946 to 1963 when it became part of Malaysia.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • SELANGOR
    A state in the Federation of Malaya.
    Incorporated into Malaysia in 1963.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Malaysian dollar.

  • SECHELLES
    A group of islands in the Indian Ocean to the East of Africa.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • SIERRA LEONE
    A British colony on the West coast of Africa.
    Became independent in 1961 and a republic on 19 April 1971.
    Currency
  • 1859 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1964 100 cents = 1 leone.

  • SINGAPORE
    An island at the South of the Malay peninsular.
    Formerly part of the Straits Settlement and became a British colony on 1 April 1946.
    Self Governing on 1 August 1958.
    Formerly part of the Malaysian Federation from 16 September 1963 to 9 August 1965 and became an independent republic.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • SIRMOOR
    A state in the Punjab, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • SOLOMON ISLANDS
    A group of islands in the West Pacific to the East of New Guinea.
    Currency
  • 1907 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1966 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.

  • SOMALIND PROTECTORATE
    A protectorate in Northeast Africa on the Gulf of Aden.
    Joined with the Somali Republic on 1 July 1960.
    Currency
  • 1903 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1951 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • SORUTH
    A state in India, now uses Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • SOUTH AFRICA
    The Union of South Africa includes, Cape of Good Hope, Orange Free State and Transvaal.
    Became an independent republic 31 May 1961.
    Currency
  • 1910 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • SOUTH ARABIAN FEDERATION
    Comprising of territories of the Aden Protectorates.
    Became independent on 30 November 1967.
    Currency
  • 1963 100 cents = 1 shilling.
  • 1965 100 fils = 1 dollar.

  • SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    A state of the Australian Commonwealth.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • SOUTH GEORGIA
    An island in the Atlantic forming one of the Falkland Island Dependencies.
    Currency
  • 1963 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1971 100 cents = 1 pound.

  • SOUTH GEORGIA AND SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS
    Includes South Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands which cease to be Falkland Island Dependencies on 3 October 1985.
    Currency
  • 110 pence = 1 pound.

  • SOUTH WEST AFRICA
    A territory in Southwest Africa.
    Formerly a German colony of South West Africa, is now part of South Africa.
    Currency
  • 1923 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • SOUTHERN CAMEROONS
    A southern area of the Cameroun.
    Formerly under British control until it became an independent state on 1 October 1960.
    Joining the rest of Cameroun on 30 September 1961.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • SOUTHERN NIGERIA
    Situated on the West coast of Africa and now joined with Nigeria.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • SOUTHERN RHODESIA
    A British colony in the Northern part of South Africa.
    Became part of the Central African Federation in 1954 under the name Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
    Renamed Rhodesia in October 1964 when the Federation was disbanded.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • SRI LANKA
    Formerly known as Ceylon and renamed in 1972.
    The name Sri Lanka means Resplended Island.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • STRAITS SETTLEMENTS
    A British colony comprising part of the mainland of Malay and several of the islands off its coastline, including the island of Labuan.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Straits dollar.

  • SUDAN
    A territory in Africa extending from the South of Egypt towards the Equator.
    Formerly administrated jointly be Britain and Egypt until 1954.
    Became independent on 1 January 1956.
    Currency
  • 1000 milliemes = 100 piastre; 100 piastre = 1 Sudanese pound.

  • SUNGEI UJONG
    A state on the Malay peninsular, which became part of Negri Sembilan.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Straits dollar.

  • SWAZILAND
    A kingdom in the Eastern part of South Africa.
    Incorporated into South Africa in 1895.
    Became independent in 1968.
    Renamed as eSwatini on 19th April 2018 by King Mswati III.
    Currency
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.
  • 1974 100 cents = 1 lilangeni (plural-emalangeni).
  •  
    T

    TANGANYIKA
    Formerly a German colony known as German East Africa.
    Under British control after the World War 2 until 1946.
    Became independent in 1961 and renamed to Tanzania in 1965.
    For earlier stamps see Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika, Kenya, Uganda.
    Currency
  • 1915 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1917 100 cents = 1 rupee.
  • 1922 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • TANZANIA
    A republic within the British Commonwealth formerly known as Tanganyika and incorporated into Zanzibar.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • TASMANIA
    An island to the South of Australia.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • TOBAGO
    An island to the Northeast of Trinidad.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • TOKELAU
    Three islands to the North of Samoa.
    Formerly part of Gilbert and Ellis Islands and known as the Union Island.
    They were declared to be part of New Zealand from 1 January 1949.
    Currency
  • 1948 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 cents = 1 New Zealand dollar.
  • 1982 100 sene or cents = 1 Samoan tola or dollar.

  • TONGA
    Also known as Friendly Islands.
    A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
    As an independent Polynesian kingdom it joined the British Commonwealth in 1970.
    Currency
  • 1886 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1967 100 seniti = 1 pa'anga.

  • TRANSVAAL
    Formerly known as the South Africa Republic under Boer rule.
    Was under British control between 1877 and 1881 and from 1900.
    Joined the Union of South Africa in 1919.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • TRAVANCORE
    A state of Southeast Asia.
    Currency
  • 16 cash = 1 chuckram; 28 chuckram = 1 rupee.

  • TRAVANCORE-COCHIN
    The two countries are located in the Southeast of India.
    They were combines under the name United States of Travencore and Cochin in 1949.
    Currency
  • 12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee.

  • TRINIDAD
    An island off the coast of Venezuela
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
    This island group formed part of the British Caribbean Federation from 1958 to 31 August 1962 when it became independent.
    Currency
  • 1913 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1935 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar.

  • TRISTAN DU CUNHA
    An island in the South Atlantic Ocean to the West of South Africa.
    The island was evacuated on 10 October 1961 and re-occupied in 1963.
    Currency
  • 1952 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1961 100 cents = 1 rand.

  • TRUCIAL STATES
    Seven Arab states on the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.
    Currency
  • 100 naye paise = 1 rupee.

  • TURKS ISLANDS
    A group of islands Southeast of the Bahamas, now grouped with the Caicos Islands.
    It was a dependency of Jamaica until it became an independent colony on 14 June 1963.
    Now known as Turks and Caicos Islands
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling.

  • TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
    Formerly known as Turks Islands and Caicos Islands.
    Currency
  • 1900 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1969 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • TUVALU
    Formerly known as Ellis Islands.
    The Ellis Islands were renamed Tuvalu when they split from the Gilbert and Ellis Islands group on the 1 January 1976.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar.
  •  
    U

    UGANDA
    A protectorate in Central Africa until it became independent in 1962.
    For previous stamp issues see Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika.
    Currency
  • 1895 12 pence = 1 shilling.
  • 1896 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1962 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • UNION ISLAND
    One of the islands in the Grenadines of Grenada.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • UNION OF MYANMAR
    Previously named Burma changed name in 1989 to Union of Myanmar

    UNITED KINGDOM
    Formerly known as, and still referred to as Great Britain.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.
  •  
    V

    VANCOUVER ISLAND
    (stamps issued under the colony of British Columbia and Vancouver Island)
    Former British colony, now a Western province of Canada.
    Currency
  • 1860 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1865 100 cents = 1 dollar.

  • VANUATU
    Formerly known as the New Hebrides.
    Became a republic on 30 July 1980.
    Currency
  • 1980 100 centimes = 1 frane.
  • 1981 Vatus.

  • VICTORIA
    The Southeast state of Australia.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

  • VICTORIA LAND
    Used to denote stamps used in Captain Scott's expedition to Antarctica.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling.
  •  
    W

    WADHWAN
    A state of Kathiawar, India, now using Indian stamps.
    Currency
  • 4 pice = 1 anna.

  • WALES
    Part of Great Britain which is now referred to as the United Kingdom.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound sterling.
  • 1971 100 new pence = 1 pound.

  • WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    The Western state of Australia.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  •  
    X
     
    Y
     
    Z

    ZAMBIA
    Formerly Northern Rhodesia until it became independent on 24 October 1964.
    Currency
  • 1964 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.
  • 1968 100 ngwee = 1 kwacha.

  • ZANZIBAR
    A group of islands off the coast of Tanganyika, East Africa.
    Became independent in 1963 and a republic in 1964.
    Joined with Tanganyika in July 1964 and the combined countries were renamed to Tanzania.
    Currency
  • 1895 16 annas = 1 rupee.
  • 1908 100 cents = 1 rupee.
  • 1936 100 cents = 1 shilling.

  • ZIL ELWANNYEN SESEL
    An island ground comprising island on the outer edge of the Seychelles.
    Includes islands of Aldabra, Coetivy, Farquhar and Amirante.
    Currency
  • 100 cents = 1 rupee.

  • ZULULAND
    A territory of Southeast Asia.
    Left British control in 1887 and joined Natal in 1897.
    Currency
  • 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound.

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